Period 1: 1491-1607. led seven hundred men to Mexico to take the Aztec Empire and rob it of everything. 1517. Hernando Cortés conquers the Aztec empire. The name of the first permanent Spanish settlement in North America, established 1565 in modern day Florida. Key Concept 1.1: As native populations migrated and settled across the vast expanse of North America over time, they developed distinct and increasingly complex societies by adapting to and transforming their diverse environments. The first permanent European colony in North America is founded at St. Augustine (Florida) by the Spanish. 1730 - 1743. religious revival in the 1730-40s after a period of declining devotion, helped by Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield; inspired controversy over emotionalism/revivalism (New Lights) versus traditionalist Protestantism (Old Lights), nevertheless helped unite … Get APUSH Help from APUSH Experts! Add additional notes to help you understand the major historical events and trends from 1491-1877. Period 1 is marked by the introduction of the Old World European powers to the unchartered Americas. • 1491: Pre-Columbian Exchange: – Native American diversity On a North American continent controlled by American Indians, contact among the peoples of Europe, the Americas, and West Africa created a new world. Ponce de León of Spain lands in Florida. 1520. Loaysa writes in hope that "through your excellent efforts you will bring the natives of that province under our sway and dominion and will bring them into the knowledge of the holy catholic faith.". 1800-1824 * In this time period a raging debate between the federalists and anti- federalists over how the constitution should be interpreted dominated national politics as America began to establish its place in the world. Period 1: The Meeting of Three Peoples (1491 - 1607) 1492: Christopher Columbus (Italian, in the service of the Spanish monarchy) sails to the New World, beginning the era of European colonization of the Americas. The first record of a slave trade voyage direct from Africa to the Americas is for a ship that landed in Santo Domingo, on the island Española (Hispaniola), in 1525. Cabot is the first of many European explorers to seek a Northwest Passage (northern water route) to Asia. Balboa claims all land touched by the Pacific for Spain. 1510. 1498: Vasco de Gama (Portugal) sails to India. In Europe, the defeat of the Spanish Armada by the English results in Great Britain replacing Spain as the dominant world power and leads to a gradual decline of Spanish influence in the New World and the widening of English imperial interests. On June 30, 1520, the Aztecs drove the Spanish out of the capital. People, animals, plants, and disease passed from continent to continent affecting virtually all aspects of the environment in all three. 1513. Cabrillo explores California coast for Spain. Jamestown is founded in Virginia by the colonists of the London Company. Leif Ericson, a Viking seaman, explores the east coast of North America and sights Newfoundland, establishing a short-lived settlement there. In Uncategorized. Christopher Columbus' arrival in the Americas in 1492 set the stage for an age of exploration where Europeans … Called the Lost Colony. Spain received the bulk of territory in the Americas, compensating Portugal with titles to lands in Africa and Asia. A combination of disease and death led to the end of the Aztecs. Martin Luther launches the Protestant Reformation in Europe, bringing an end to the sole authority of the Catholic Church, resulting in the growth of numerous Protestant religious sects. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Spanish explorers already had great success with gold and silver finds and the French created a vibrant market for furs in Europe. On October 12, sailing the Santa Maria, he lands in the Bahamas, thinking it is an outlying Japanese island. 1530. The name "America" is first used in a geography book referring to the New World with Amerigo Vespucci getting credit for the discovery of the continent. All the settlers disappeared, and historians still don't know what became of them. The encomenderos were supposed to protect and Christianize the Indians granted to them, but they most often used the system to effectively enslave the Indians and take their lands. John Smith is captured by Native American Chief Powhatan and saved from death by the chief's daughter, Pocahontas. It was financed by Sir Walter Raleigh, and its leader in the New World was John White. APUSH Summer Work - Period One Timeline: 1491-1607. The London Company sponsors a colonizing expedition to Virginia. Spain authorizes Coronado's conquest (1540), This letter, written on behalf of King Charles V of Spain by Francisco Garcia de Loaysa, the president of the Council of the Indies, authorizes Coronado to explore the northern lands (present-day New Mexico) in the search for wealth and resources. Established in 1587. * 1800 • Convention of 1800: Peace with France • Second Great Awakening begins • 1800-1804 – Thomas Jefferson elected 1801 • Judiciary Act 1801-1805 • Naval War with Tripoli 1802 • Revised … Balboa claims all land touched by the Pacific for Spain. Start studying Apush period 1 (1491-1607) timeline. APUSH Period 1: 1491-1607. The Incas developed sophisticated agricultural techniques such as terrace farming, in order to sustain large, complex societies in the unforgiving Andes Mountains. 1519. With tobacco, English settlers finally found a New World commodity that worked well in the mercantile system. In August 13, 1521, the Spanish laid siege to the city. The rise of the Atlantic slave trade (1525). The Magna Carta document is adopted in England, guaranteeing liberties to the English people, and proclaiming basic rights and procedures which later become the foundation stone of modern democracy. The period spans from before Columbus' arrival to the founding of Jamestown. Menu. Martin Luther launches the Protestant Reformation in Europe, bringing an end to the sole authority of the Catholic Church, resulting in the growth of numerous Protestant religious sects. Coronado explores the present day Southwest U.S.A. Hernando de Soto of Spain discovers the Mississippi River. Great Awakening. APUSH PERIOD 1-5 TIMELINE Chronological sequencing is the ability to arrange historical events in the correct order. A Spanish soldier and commander; who was the first European to discover the Grand Canyon.
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