Armadillo facts: Interesting facts about Armadillos. When threatened by a predator, Tolypeutes species frequently roll up into a ball. The armour is formed by plates of dermal bone covered in relatively small, overlapping epidermal scales called "scutes", composed of bone with a covering of horn. Armadillo is a Spanish word meaning “little armored one” and refers to the bony plates that cover the back, head, legs, and tail of most of these odd looking creatures. Their average length is about 75 centimeters (30 in), including the tail. They are prolific diggers. PicFacts(1-500) PicFacts(501-1000) PicFacts(1001-1500) PicFacts(1501-2000) PicFacts(2001-2500) PicFacts (2501-3000) PicFacts (3001-3500) PicFacts (3501-4000) PicFacts … The plates cover their back, legs, head and tail, composed of small epidermal scales of horn-covered bone. Armadillos are stout with short legs and strong, curved claws. The living ones have a leathery armored shell. They have five clawed toes on their hind feet, and three to five toes with heavy digging claws on their fore feet. Species range in length from about 6 inches (15 centimeters) to 5 feet (1.5 meters). The nine-banded armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus, is by … The pink fairy armadillo (Chlamyphorus truncatus) or pichiciego is the smallest species of armadillo, at 85 grams (3.0 ounces) and 13 to 15 centimeters (5.1–5.9 inches) in total length. Contrary to popular belief, not all armadillos are able to encase themselves in their shells. Armadillos are usually brownish black, marked with yellow above and yellowish white underneath. Many species are endangered. Most of the 20 species are found in open areas, such as grasslands, but some also live in forests. Additional armour covers the top of the head, the upper parts of the limbs, and the tail. PicFacts. They are the only living mammal to wear such a shell. Most members of the genus Dasypus give birth to four monozygotic young (that is, identical quadruplets), but other species may have typical litter sizes that range from one to eight. In addition to bugs, armadillos eat small vertebrates, plants, and some fruit, as well as the occassional carrion meal. The smallest species, the pink fairy armadillo, is roughly chipmunk-sized at 85 g (3.0 oz) and 13–15 cm (5.1–5.9 in) in total length. The nine-banded armadillo is noted for its movement through water which is accomplished via two different methods: it can walk underwater for short distances, holding its breath for as long as six minutes; also, to cross larger bodies of water, it is capable of increasing its buoyancy by swallowing air, inflating its stomach and intestines. All species live in the Americas. Armadillos have very poor eyesight, and use their keen sense of smell to hunt for food. Armadillos can be pinkish, dark-brown, black, red, gray or yellowish in color. Here are 13 Interesting Armadillo facts. Armadillos are solitary animals that do not share their burrows with other adults. The living ones have a leathery armored shell. The Giant Armadillo grows up to 100 cm (39 in) and weigh 30 kg (66lbs). Because of their low metabolic rate and lack of fat stores, cold is their enemy, and spates of intemperate weather can wipe out whole populations. All rights reserved. Their whole body (head, back, legs and tail) is covered with bony plates. This page was last modified on 21 October 2020, at 15:17. Most species have rigid shields over the shoulders and hips, with a number of bands separated by flexible skin covering the back and flanks. Closely related to anteaters and sloths, armadillos generally have a pointy or shovel-shaped snout and small eyes. The word armadillo is Spanish for "little armored one". The dentition of the nine-banded armadillo is P 7/7, M 1/1 = 32. In fact, only the three-banded armadillo can, curling its head and back feet and contorting its shell into a hard ball that confounds would-be predators. They have very poor eyesight, and utilize their keen sense of smell to hunt. Armadillo is a Spanish word meaning “little armored one” and refers to the bony plates that cover the back, head, legs, and tail of most of these odd looking creatures. They reach sexual maturity in three to 12 months, depending on the species. Armadillos are like mammals and give birth to young ones and wean them with milk like any other mammals. They use their claws for digging and finding food, as well as for making their homes in burrows. There are about 10 living genera and about 20 species of armadillo. The largest species, the giant armadillo, can be the size of a small pig and weigh up to 54 kg (119 lb), and can be 150 cm (59 in) long.
2020 armadillo facts for kids