Tourism share: Tourism share is the share of the corresponding fraction of internal tourism consumption in each component of supply (TSA:RMF 2008, 4.51). Tourism Organization (UNWTO) while the technical outputs and recommendations can be used by UNWTO members for different purposes such as measuring, labelling and/or benchmarking. Institutional unit: The elementary economic decision-making centre characterised by uniformity of behaviour and decision-making autonomy in the exercise of its principal function. If a person resides (or intends to reside) for more than one year in a given country and has there his/her centre of economic interest (for example, where the predominant amount of time is spent), he/she is considered as a resident of this country. Inbound tourism: Inbound tourism comprises the activities of a non-resident visitor within the country of reference on an inbound tourism trip (IRTS 2008, 2.39). How can visitors contribute to improving the communities’ livelihoods? 2. Activities undertaken by UNWTO in the field of culture and tourism stem from the very definition of cultural tourism, which is defined as: “A type of tourism activity in which the visitor’s essential motivation is to learn, discover, experience and consume the tangible and intangible cultural attractions/products in a tourism destination. The action plan of the Organization is also driven by the recommendations adopted within the framework of Declarations on Tourism and Culture, as well as the studies and research on tourism and culture commissioned by UNWTO. It also includes the specification of the type of error or of the condition not met, and the qualification of the data and their division into “error-free data” and “erroneous data”. Tourism expenditure: Tourism expenditure refers to the amount paid for the acquisition of consumption goods and services, as well as valuables, for own use or to give away, for and during tourism trips. Country of reference: The country of reference refers to the country for which the measurement is done. Besides the amount paid for the acquisition of consumption goods and services, as well as valuables for own use or to give away, for and during tourism trips, which corresponds to monetary transactions (the focus of tourism expenditure), it also includes services associated with vacation accommodation on own account, tourism social transfers in kind and other imputed consumption. Gross margin: The gross margin of a provider of reservation services is the difference between the value at which the intermediated service is sold and the value accrued to the provider of reservation services for this intermediated service. Same-day visitor (or excursionist): A visitor (domestic, inbound or outbound) is classified as a tourist (or overnight visitor), if his/her trip includes an overnight stay, or as a same-day visitor (or excursionist) otherwise (IRTS 2008, 2.13). Technological or smart solutions alone are important but will not solve the issue of tourism congestion. It includes acquisition of goods and services imported into the country of reference and sold to visitors. The term tourism industries is equivalent to tourism characteristic activities and the two terms are sometimes used synonymously in the IRTS 2008, 5.10, 5.11 and figure 5.1. Frame: A list, map or other specification of the units which define a population to be completely enumerated or sampled. Goods: Goods are physical, produced objects for which a demand exists, over which ownership rights can be established and whose ownership can be transferred from one institutional unit to another by engaging in transactions on markets (SNA 2008, p. 623). Activity (productive): The (productive) activity carried out by a statistical unit is the type of production in which it engages. Tourism trip: Trips taken by visitors are tourism trips (IRTS 2008, 2.29). Tourism characteristic activities: Tourism characteristic activities are the activities that typically produce tourism characteristic products. Meetings industry: To highlight purposes relevant to the meetings industry, if a trip’s main purpose is business/professional, it can be further subdivided into “attending meetings, conferences or congresses, trade fairs and exhibitions” and “other business and professional purposes”. Statistical indicator: A data element that represents statistical data for a specified time, place, and other characteristics, and is corrected for at least one dimension (usually size) to allow for meaningful comparisons. Data collection: Systematic process of gathering data for official statistics. Travel / traveller: Travel refers to the activity of travellers. This criterion implies that the supply of a tourism characteristic product would cease to exist in meaningful quantity in the absence of visitors (IRTS 2008, 5.10). The Recommendations were endorsed by the World Committee on Tourism Ethics and finally adopted by the UNWTO General Assembly in 2019, as a landmark document of the Organization in this sphere. Satellite accounts: There are two types of satellite accounts, serving two different functions. Forms of tourism: There are three basic forms of tourism: domestic tourism, inbound tourism, and outbound tourism. Such errors may be due to a number of circumstances, such as inadequate concepts or questions; inadequate training; interviewer failures; respondent failures. The global wealth of traditions is one of the principal motivations for travel, with tourists seeking to engage with new cultures and to experience the global variety of performing arts, handicrafts, rituals and cuisines. Slide 2 29 June – 2 July 2010 IRTS 2008: Basic definitions IRTS 2008, para 2.4: Travel refers to the activity of travelers. Tourism characteristic products: Tourism characteristic products are those that satisfy one or both of the following criteria:
The Recommendations address some of the key questions regarding indigenous tourism: How can indigenous tourism result in equitable partnerships?
2020 unwto tourism definition